Pickleball, a fast-growing sport that combines elements of tennis, badminton, and ping pong, has taken the world by storm.
Understanding the unique terminology used in pickleball is essential for improving your game and enhancing your enjoyment of this exciting sport.
In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive into 92 essential pickleball terms and definitions to help you become a true pickleball aficionado.
Pickleball Terms and Definitions
Before you step onto the pickleball court, it’s crucial to familiarise yourself with the terminology that players use.
From the court layout to various shots and strategies, mastering these terms will not only help you communicate effectively with fellow players but also enable you to execute your game plan with precision.
We have organised the terms in alphabetical order for easier understanding:
Ace: A serve that lands in the opponent’s court untouched, resulting in a point.
Advantage: A point scored after a deuce, which gives one player or team the lead.
Alley: The area between the singles sideline and the doubles sideline on a pickleball court.
Alligator Blood: A term used to describe a player who never gives up, even when facing defeat.
Around-the-Post Shot: A shot that goes around the net post and lands in the opponent’s court, usually played when the ball is very close to the net.
Around the World: A drill where players hit the ball around the net post in a full circle.
Attack: An aggressive shot or strategy used to put pressure on the opponent.
Backcourt: The area near the baseline on each player’s side of the court.
Backhand: A stroke made with the back of the hand facing the net.
Backspin: A shot with backward spin, causing the ball to bounce backward after hitting the ground.
Baseline: The back boundary line of the pickleball court.
Baseliner: A player who prefers to stay near the baseline and plays from the backcourt.
Block Shot: A defensive shot used to redirect the ball softly over the net.
Bounce: The rebound of the ball after it lands on the court.
Camping: A player who remains close to the net, often waiting for a high ball to smash.
Carry: When the ball contacts a player’s paddle for too long, considered illegal.
Centerline: The line that divides the court into two equal halves, perpendicular to the net.
Cherry-Picker: A player who stays near the net, waiting for easy put-away shots.
Clean Winner: A shot that wins the point cleanly, without any chance of return.
Corkscrew: A serve with a twisting spin, causing the ball to curve unpredictably.
Court: The designated playing area for pickleball.
Crosscourt Shot: A shot that goes diagonally across the net to the opponent’s court.
Crush Shot: A powerful and aggressive shot.
Cue: A signal or non-verbal communication between doubles partners.
Dead Ball: A point-ending shot where the ball can’t be returned.
Dink: A soft, controlled shot intended to drop just over the net, often used in the kitchen or non-volley zone.
Dive Shot: A shot where a player dives to reach the ball and return it.
Double Bounce Rule: A rule stating that the serve and return must each bounce once on each side of the net before players can volley.
Double Fault: When both serves in a double match fail to land in the correct service box.
Drive: A powerful and fast shot aimed at gaining an advantage over your opponents.
Drop Shot: A softly hit shot intended to drop quickly after crossing the net.
Erne Shot: A daring shot where a player leaps over the kitchen to hit a ball on the opponent’s side.
Fault: An error or violation of the rules, resulting in the loss of a point or serve.
Feather: A very soft and delicate shot.
Foot Fault: When a player’s foot crosses the baseline or sideline during a serve.
Forehand: A stroke made with the front of the hand facing the net.
Game Point: The point that, if won by the serving team, results in winning the game.
Golden Set: Winning a game without losing a single point.
Half-Court Dink: A dink shot that goes diagonally to the opponent’s half of the court.
Half-Volley: Hitting the ball immediately after it bounces, typically a challenging shot.
Hopper: A high, bouncing shot.
In: When a shot lands within the boundaries of the court.
Inside-Out Shot: A shot hit diagonally across the court from one’s backhand side to the opponent’s forehand side.
Jigsaw: A term used to describe the placement of players on the court to cover as much ground as possible.
Kitchen: Also known as the non-volley zone, this is the area on each side of the net where players cannot hit volleys.
Let: A situation where the point is replayed, often due to a minor interruption.
Lob: A high, arching shot that sends the ball deep into the opponent’s court.
Lob Volley: A high volley shot that sends the ball deep into the opponent’s court.
Match Point: The point that, if won by the serving team, results in winning the match.
Net Cord: When the ball hits the net and then proceeds over to the opponent’s side, often considered a lucky shot.
Net Clearance: The height at which a shot clears the net.
Non-Volley Zone Line: The line that marks the boundary of the kitchen.
Overhead Clear: A high and powerful shot played to clear the kitchen and land deep in the opponent’s court.
Overhead Smash: A powerful shot hit from above the head, often used to put away a high ball.
Paddle Face: The side of the pickleball paddle that makes contact with the ball.
Paddle Tilt: Adjusting the angle of the paddle face to control the ball’s trajectory, often used for volleys and dinks.
Pick-Up Game: An informal game of pickleball organised without prior scheduling.
Pile Driver: A powerful and aggressive shot.
Pivot: A quick turn on one foot to change direction on the court.
Pop-Up: A high-bouncing shot that makes it challenging to return.
Punch Volley: A volley shot hit with a forward motion, adding pace to the ball.
Quarterfinals: The round of play in a tournament that precedes the semifinals.
Quick Game: A shorter game format played to a certain number of points, often used for practice.
Rally: A series of shots exchanged between players before a point is scored.
Rally Scoring: A scoring system where points can be won on every serve, not just on the serving team’s serve.
Receiver: The player receiving the serve.
Referee: The official responsible for enforcing the rules and making decisions during a match.
Return of Serve: The shot played in response to the opponent’s serve.
Roll Shot: A low, spinning shot that skims the net and lands softly in the opponent’s court.
Running Forehand: A forehand shot played while moving quickly.
Serve: The shot that initiates each point and must be hit diagonally to the opponent’s service court.
Serving Team: The team that begins a point with a serve.
Service Box: The area where the server must stand and hit the ball during the serve.
Sideline: The boundary lines running perpendicular to the net on each side of the court.
Side-Out: When the serving team loses the serve and the opposing team gains the serve.
Single Bounce Rule: A rule stating that the serve must bounce once in the receiver’s service box.
Singles: A game of pickleball played with only one player on each side of the net.
Skunk: Winning a game 11-0.
Slice Shot: A shot hit with underspin, causing the ball to skid and stay low.
Slingshot Serve: A serve with a side spin that causes the ball to curve.
Spin Serve: A serve with heavy spin, making the ball rotate rapidly and unpredictably.
Split Stacking: A variation of stacking where both players start on one side of the court.
Swing Volley: A volley shot played with a full swing.
Team Format: A format where players take turns serving in doubles play.
Thin Shot: A shot that barely clears the net.
Transition Zone: The area between the non-volley zone and the baseline.
Tweener: A shot played between the legs, typically as a last-ditch effort to keep the ball in play.
Two-Bounce Rule: A rule in recreational pickleball where the ball must bounce twice before players can volley.
Underhand Serve: A serve that is hit with an underhand motion, typically with a low trajectory.
Underspin: Backspin on the ball that causes it to rotate backward.
Up the Middle: Hitting the ball down the centre of the court, between opponents.
Winner: A shot that results in a point, typically a clean winner that can’t be returned.